We put together a glossary to help you understand the important terms in the ever-changing hemp industry! This glossary contains the most commonly used terms in the industry, and will be helpful if you’re a newcomer, or a hemp enthusiast.
Periodically, we will make additions to this list, so be sure to bookmark this page and circle back for updates.
2-Arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG), the most prevalent endocannabinoid in the body, is part of a group of chemicals that play a complex and significant function in a variety of internal processes, including immunity and inflammation. By interacting with the body's endocannabinoid system receptors, 2-AG, like anandamide, is thought to help control hunger, immune system function, and pain management.
A significant endocannabinoid present in the human body. Anandamide, like 2-AG, is a component of the body's endocannabinoid system, which affects functions such as cognition, learning, memory, mood, and other higher cognitive skills, as well as certain motor functions. Because THC replicates the way anandamide interacts with the endocannabinoid system, it is hypothesized to induce psychoactive effects and modify these similar activities in the body.
The degree and pace at which a substance is absorbed by the circulatory system of the body. It's a vital measurement instrument because it determines the correct dosage for medications and supplements that aren't given intravenously. Bioavailability refers to the percentage of the ingested dose that is eventually absorbed when medications, vitamins, and herbs are provided non-intravenously (via ingestion, inhalation, or topical application). This is usually represented as a percentage, such as "95 percent bioavailable," though it's worth noting that many bioavailability claims in the dietary supplement industry are unverified.
CBD and at least one other cannabinoid are combined in a CBD product. Broad-spectrum drugs are made to allow users to benefit from the entourage effect while totally avoiding THC. Take a look at our CBD products with a broad spectrum of effects.
This flowering, herbaceous plant, native to Central Asia, has been farmed throughout documented human history. Marijuana and industrial hemp are both grown, with the latter being harvested for CBD supplements. Additionally, different portions of the hemp plant are processed to produce hemp fiber, hemp seed oil, and other vitamins.
A cannabinoid is one of the many chemical molecules that interact with the body's endocannabinoid system receptors. Endocannabinoids, which are created naturally in the body, and phytocannabinoids, which are found in cannabis, are examples of these compounds. THC and CBD are the two most well-known cannabinoids in cannabis, however new research has revealed that there are over 100 different forms of cannabinoids in the plant. Cannabinoids are found in a wide range of plants, not just cannabis.
These receptors are mostly found on nerve cells in the brain, spinal cord, and in other organs.
These receptors are mostly found in our reproductive organs, immune system, and peripheral nervous system.
CBC is most frequently found in tropical cannabis varieties. The effects of CBC appear to be mediated through non-cannabinoid receptor interactions.
Also known as CBD, cannabidiol is one of the naturally occurring cannabinoids found in cannabis plants. CBD does not produce psychoactive effects on its own.
CBD isolate is a crystalline solid or powder that is made up entirely of CBD. Full-spectrum CBD products, on the other hand, can legally include up to 0.3 percent Trusted Source THC. Although this amount will appear on a drug test, it will not induce a high.
CBD isolate is made by extracting all of the chemicals and other elements from the cannabis plant, including THC, using various techniques. The technique yields pure CBD in the form of crystals.
To make the product easier to eat, manufacturers may grind the crystals into a powder. CBD isolate doesn't have a unique odor or flavor.
A document issued by an approved laboratory certifying that a product's features have been tested. This proof of analysis is beneficial to both the consumer and the producer; it provides quality assurance for both parties. In addition to marijuana potency, comprehensive CoAs should emphasize other safety tests. We look for microorganisms, mycotoxins, solvents, terpenes, heavy metals, and pesticides in addition to cannabinoids and potency. You can see the findings of our third-party lab tests here.
The antimicrobial actions of CBG, a non-psychoactive cannabinoid, can affect the overall effects of cannabis. At the CB1 receptor, it works as a low-affinity antagonist. The pharmacological action of CBG at the CB2 receptor is unclear at this time.
The breakdown of another cannabis component, CBC, produces cannabicyclol. CBL is formed when the cannabinoid cannabichromene (CBC) degrades due to light exposure. Because of the little levels of CBL found in cannabis, researchers have been unable to investigate it, thus we don't know much about its medical benefits.
CBN is a cannabinoid that is created when THC is broken down. It is a mildly psychoactive cannabinoid. In a fresh plant, there is usually very little to no CBN. CBN binds poorly to both CB1 and CB2 receptors, with CB2 receptors having a higher affinity than CB1 receptors. CBN is frequently regarded as having a sedative effect.
The carbon-dioxide extraction technique uses temperature and pressure adjustments to induce phase differences in carbon dioxide (supercritical and subcritical), allowing the plant's beneficial components to be softly extracted. As a result, the oil is clean, safe, and has a long shelf life. CO2 in both a liquid and gaseous state at the same time is referred to as "supercritical," which ensures a high yield during extraction.
The fundamental role of this mammalian system, also known as the ECS, is to maintain biological homeostasis, or to keep the body balanced as the environment changes. Cannabis is thought to be helpful in part because the phytocannabinoids it contains are similar to our body's naturally existing endocannabinoids. Endocannabinoid receptors may be located all over the body, and this system is involved in a variety of psychological and physiological processes, such as appetite, stress, sleep, pain, memory, and immunological function.
This industry term is often used in conjunction with "Full Spectrum," and it refers to all of the naturally occurring cannabinoids and phytonutrients working together to give a user the most benefit. It's widely assumed that the higher the number of cannabinoids in a CBD product's "profile," the more effective it will be.
Using the solvent ethanol to extract the cannabinoids and produce a more concentrated, cannabinoid-rich extract from the hemp plant.
A method for separating cannabis' chemical components from the plant's substance. Hemp "biomass" refers to hemp plants that have been cut down and gathered from a field before being extracted.
The Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, also known as the Farm Bill, was passed by the United States Congress towards the end of December 2018. CBD products are now legal to buy in all 50 states as a result of this law. Industrial hemp (from which CBD products are derived) must have less than 0.3 percent THC by weight, according to the Farm Bill. State and federal governments both regulate industrial hemp. The FDA was also given jurisdiction to regulate cannabis products as part of the Farm Bill.
Since the passage of the 2018 Farm Bill, the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has had the authority to regulate cannabis and cannabis-derived goods.
Flavonoids are phytonutrients (plant compounds) that can be found in practically all fruits and vegetables. These are potent antioxidants with anti-inflammatory and immune-boosting properties.
This word refers to a hemp extract that contains all of the terpenes, cannabinoids, flavonoids, and fatty acids present naturally in hemp. THC is also included in Full-Spectrum products, but only up to a concentration of 0.3 percent. This word is most commonly used to indicate that a product contains trace levels of THC but is not an isolate. In essence, Full-Spectrum products ensure that a user receives all of the plant's potential benefits.
Heavy metal content is frequently checked in products. Minerals and metals absorbed by plants from the soil can end up in final products. We test for lead and other heavy metals such as lead, arsenic, and cadmium in our products.
Hemp is a type of industrial cannabis grown for its fiber, edible seeds, and CBD. Hemp is related to psychoactive cannabis (marijuana), however it does not provide the same effects. Medicine (CBD), paper, textiles, clothes, biodegradable plastic alternatives, and food are all commercial products made from hemp fiber. The THC concentration of cannabis determines whether it is marijuana or hemp. CBD can only be derived from hemp, and it must have a THC value of 0.3 percent or less by concentration, according to current rules. If a hemp plant or product is found to contain more than this amount of THC, it will be classified as marijuana.
CBD buds are the flowers of female hemp plants that have been developed to have very high CBD levels and very low THC levels.
Hemp Seed Oil comes directly from the seeds of the hemp plant. These seeds contain no CBD or THC, but offer a high content of polyunsaturated fatty acids. Studies have shown that when taken orally these fatty acids can help improve skin conditions such as eczema, psoriasis, and acne. Topically, Hemp Seed Oil will help to moisturize, soothe and soften the skin.
LOD = Limit of Detection. These are tolerance ratings that show the smallest amount of a substance that can be detected. "LOD" and "LOQ" are interchangeable terms.
LOQ = Limit of Quantification. These are tolerance ratings that show the smallest amount of a substance that can be detected. "LOQ" and "LOD" are interchangeable terms.
Marijuana is a type of cannabis plant used for its euphoric, calming, and psychotropic effects. Marijuana seeds and stalks, unlike hemp, are not employed economically as a food source or in the textiles sector. Instead, the plant is grown for its highly resinous blooms, which are high in THC. Marijuana has a considerably greater THC concentration than hemp. Marijuana can have up to 30% THC by dry weight, whereas industrial hemp must include less than 0.3 percent THC by dry weight.
Any food product or supplement should be tested for these bacterial contamination. Microbes such as salmonella, E. coli, streptococcus, and others are typically tested.
This method entails taking modest doses of CBD capsules throughout the day. Microdosing is advantageous since it lets the user to keep consistent CBD levels in their system at all times. For individuals who take CBD for its balancing qualities, this constancy is crucial.
Mycotoxins are poisonous chemicals produced by molds and fungi in their natural state. Mold contamination of crops before or after harvest can cause mycotoxins to emerge in food.
Many plants have are sprayed with poisonous chemicals. To demonstrate the purity and safety of our products, we test for their presence. We are glad to say that our goods are pesticide-free.
The chemical substances found in cannabis plants that are similar to the endocannabinoids produced naturally by the human body. Phytocannabinoids include CBD and THC, but the cannabis plant has at least 113 other phytocannabinoids, each with its own set of effects on the body.
A measure of drug activity stated as the amount necessary to generate a specific intensity of effect in the body. A high-potency medicine elicits a bigger response even at low doses, whereas a low-potency drug elicits a tiny response at low concentrations and need higher doses to have the same effect.
A property that interacts with the central nervous system to modify brain function, resulting in changes in perception, emotion, consciousness, cognition, or behavior. THC is the intoxicating ingredient found in cannabis plants.
An ointment derived from the cannabis plant that can be applied to the skin directly.
During the extraction process, solvents can be employed to extract fats, lipids, and other components from hemp extract. We test for the presence of solvents in our products to guarantee that no values for solvents such as acetone, kerosene, and others are present. As part of our certified organic extraction process, we use organic, food-grade ethanol as a solvent, which is an allowed solvent.
A cannabis plant that has been bred for specific traits and can be used for medical, recreational, or industrial purposes. For example, industrial hemp is a strain cultivated to contain more CBD and less THC than other types, making it suitable for medicinal purposes and lawful under the Farm Bill.
Under the tongue application and absorption via the tiny salivary glands beneath the tongue are referred to as sublingual.
Terpenes are aromatic oils that give diverse cannabis strains flavors like berry, mint, and pine. In cannabis, more than 100 distinct terpenes have been found, and each strain has its own terpene profile. In the presence of additional molecules, the effects of any given terpene may be magnified. Terpenes can be found in all plants.
THC, or tetrahydrocannabinol, is the molecule in marijuana that causes the majority of its psychological effects. It functions similarly to the body's own cannabinoid compounds.
THC is one of several chemicals identified in the resin released by marijuana plant glands. The reproductive organs of the plant have more of these glands than any other part of the plant. Cannabinoids, which are chemicals specific to marijuana, are present in this resin. According to the National Center for Biotechnology Information, CBD is nonpsychoactive and actually prevents the high associated with THC.
A sublingual administration method that swiftly absorbs and distributes medication throughout the body.
A product applied to the skin, like our Original #12 CBD Cream.